Marek Edelman, a cardiologist by profession, was born in Warsaw in 1926. As a teenager, he joined Tsukunft, the youth movement of the Bund, the Marxist Jewish party that opposed Zionism. He became a member in the party's central institutions. In November 1942 he joined the Jewish Fighting Organization (ZOB) and soon represented his movement within it. In April 1943, during the Warsaw Ghetto uprising (19 April 1943 -- 16 May 1943), Edelman was the commander in the Brushmakers' Area. He continued to live in Poland after World War II, joining Solidarity in 1981. Since the fall of communism, he has taken prominent stands on human rights issues.
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