About this database:

A disclaimer applies to this page. This page is not part of the official UCC website. This page is part of a research database of opinions on Palestine and related topics which is maintained by members of the UCC Palestine Solidarity Campaign, which comprises a group of students and staff in the university. The emphasis in this research project is on provenance -- we aim to provide as much information as possible on the background of the people whose opinions are in the database, so that readers can make up their own minds on the credibility that they wish to attach to these opinions.

Contents

Who runs this database

This database is run by members of the UCC Palestine Solidarity Campaign, a group of staff and students of the university. They may be contacted by emailing jbdatabase@cs.ucc.ie.

The Need for Provenance

A great many untruths and half-truths have been written on the conflict over Palestine. Therefore, it is important to understand the provenance of all material about the situation. For each article, map or book: who produced it? what agenda do the author(s) have? where was it published? what agenda does the journal have? Similarly, it is important to understand the provenance of each film or audio/video clip: who is speaking in it? what agenda do the speakers(s) have? where was the film or clip produced or broadcast? what agenda does the producer/broadcaster have? An attempt is made here to provide this information.

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The Motivation for this Database

For many years after the establishment of Israel in 1948, the Zionist propaganda machine was overwhelmingly successful, at least among audiences in "the West". (See the many items in this database about Media Bias on Israel/Palestine.)

Possibly most significantly, Zionist propaganda has permeated, and continues to permeate, the popular media. Among novels, "Exodus" by Leon Uris is an egregious example. Films were probably even more successful than novels, reaching, as they do, a wider audience. Once again, "Exodus", in its film version, played a significant role. However, to this day, many films contain a great deal of subliminal Zionist propaganda. (See the following articles in this database: Reel Bad Arabs: How Hollywood Vilifies a People; The Comic Book Arab; The Arab Stereotype on Television; listen to the following clip CounterSpin interview with Jack Shaheen, author of 'Reel Bad Arabs: How Hollywood Vilifies a People'; )

The effect of this propaganda has been that many people have come to accept demonizing stereotypes of Palestinians (and, indeed, of all Arabs) and to believe such hoaxes as the Zionist myth that the Palestinians willingly left their homes in 1948 (see The Other Exodus, in which this myth was debunked by an Irish diplomat and journalist, the late Erskine Childers). Such demonization and mythology has been used for many years by the Israelis as a justification for their refusal to allow the refugees to return, a right that the refugees have in International Law and that Israel even promised to implement when it joined the United Nations -- this was one of the explicitly stated conditions under which the UN admitted Israel as a member.

The material presented here is intended to help people cut through this "spin".

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The Material in this Database

Geographical Scope

While this database was originally created to provide access to material specifically on the Israel/Palestine issue, it was later decided to admit material relating to the Middle East policies of various external powers who have interfered in the region. Essentially, this means British and American policies on the Middle East since, while the Soviet Union/Russia and France both interfered in the area in the past, their active involvement is now relatively insignificant. British and US Middle Eastern policies are relevant to the Israel/Palestine issue because it was Britain which enabled the Zionist enterprise to flourish between WWI and WWII, while the US (with Britain tagging along to preserve its "special relationship") has assumed the role in recent decades. Indeed, as a Palestinian analyst in Gaza said during the 2003 American and British invasion of Iraq,

"Whatever else the American and British invasion has done it has widened our struggle -- the Palestinian and Iraqi resistance and the Israeli and American occupations are increasingly being seen as one and the same," (quoted by Graham Usher)

Material is also included on the evolving situation in Cyprus. It will be interesting to see what happens to the refugees on that island by comparison with the Palestinians. If Greek Cypriots are allowed to return to Kyrenia, why cannot Palestinians return to Jaffa? There is another interesting, indeed ironic, connection between the Cypriot and Palestinian situations. The Cypriots almost had to endure the situation which is currently being endured by the Palestinian refugees: in 1902, Theodore Herzl asked the British for permission to implement the Zionist project in Cyprus. Instead, in 1903, they offered him Uganda.

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Ideological Scope

The database contains not just material that is critical of Zionism but also material from supporters of the ideology; the latter is provided because, frequently, the true nature of the Zionist enterprise is best seen in the explicitly-stated attitudes of its supporters.

Accessing content and provenance

Accessing article/book/map content and provenance

An abstract of (and, in some cases, a commentary on) each article is provided. In many cases, the full content of articles/books and maps/atlases/cartoons/pictures is available on-line; in these cases, to get the full content, click on the title of the item or on the or icon beside the description of the item. To learn about the author(s) and their perspective(s), click on their name(s). To learn about the journal in which the article/map appeared, click on the name of the journal.

Accessing audio-visual content and provenance

An abstract of (and, in some cases, a commentary on) each film or video/audio clip is provided. Unless a film or clip has been removed from the broadcaster's or producer's archive since it was entered in this database, the item is available on-line; in these cases, to get the full content, click on the title of the clip or on the icon. To learn about the speakers(s) and their perspective(s), click on their name(s). To learn about the producer/broadcaster of the item, click on the name of the producer/broadcaster.

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Alphabets and Transliteration

Hebrew and Arabic have their own alphabets. Several different conventions are used by various authors for transliterating these languages into the Latin alphabet. As a result, for example, one Hebrew name may be rendered as either "Haim" or "Chaim", while one Arabic name may be rendered as "Iyad" or "Eyad". The fact that different transliterations are used should be remembered when constructing search queries.

Here is a guide to the Arabic alphabet and here is a guide to the Hebrew alphabet.

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A disclaimer applies to this page. This page is not part of the official UCC website. This page is part of a research database of opinions on Palestine and related topics which is maintained by members of the UCC Palestine Solidarity Campaign, which comprises a group of students and staff in the university. The emphasis in this research project is on provenance -- we aim to provide as much information as possible on the background of the people whose opinions are in the database, so that readers can make up their own minds on the credibility that they wish to attach to these opinions.